Total Joint Replacement

Treatment Duration

1 hours


2 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 1,80,000


Rs 5,00,000

Total Joint Replacement: Restoring Mobility and Quality of Life

Total joint replacement, also known as arthroplasty, is a medical procedure that has revolutionized the lives of countless individuals suffering from chronic joint pain and limited mobility. This surgical intervention involves the removal of damaged or diseased joint components and their replacement with artificial implants designed to restore function, alleviate pain, and improve overall quality of life. Over the years, this procedure has become a cornerstone in the field of orthopedic surgery, offering a new lease on life to patients suffering from joint-related ailments.

What is Total Joint Replacement?

Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of damaged or diseased joint components and the replacement of these components with artificial implants. The primary goal of this surgery is to relieve pain, improve joint function, and enhance the patient's overall quality of life. While it is most commonly performed on hips and knees, it can also be done on other joints such as shoulders, elbows, and ankles.

Who Needs Total Joint Replacement?

Total joint replacement is typically recommended for individuals who are experiencing severe joint pain, stiffness, and a significant reduction in their ability to perform everyday activities due to joint degeneration or damage. Common conditions that may lead to joint replacement include:

1.Osteoarthritis: This degenerative joint disease is a leading cause of joint replacement surgeries, particularly in older adults. It results in the breakdown of joint cartilage, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced joint mobility.

2.Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that affects multiple joints, rheumatoid arthritis can lead to joint deformities and severe pain, often necessitating joint replacement.

3.Traumatic Injury: Severe joint injuries from accidents or sports can cause lasting damage, making joint replacement a viable treatment option.

4.Avascular Necrosis: This condition occurs when the blood supply to a joint is compromised, causing the bone to deteriorate. Joint replacement can help alleviate pain and restore function.

5.Other Joint Diseases: Conditions like gout and lupus can also lead to joint damage, making joint replacement a potential solution for those affected.

How is Total Joint Replacement Performed?

The total joint replacement procedure involves several key steps:


Before the surgery, a thorough medical evaluation is conducted to assess the patient's overall health and suitability for the procedure. X-rays and other imaging tests may be performed to evaluate the extent of joint damage.


Anesthesia is administered to ensure the patient is comfortable and pain-free during the surgery. Depending on the case, either general anesthesia or regional anesthesia (spinal or epidural) may be used.


The surgeon makes an incision over the affected joint, providing access to the damaged joint components.

Resurfacing and Replacement:

The damaged or arthritic portions of the joint, such as the damaged cartilage and bone, are carefully removed. The joint is then resurfaced with prosthetic components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic, which are securely implanted into the bone.


Once the prosthetic components are in place and the joint is tested for proper function, the incision is closed with sutures or staples.


After surgery, the patient is closely monitored and may be required to stay in the hospital for a few days. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are essential components of the recovery process.

What to Expect from Total Joint Replacement Surgery

Patients undergoing total joint replacement can anticipate several key aspects of the surgical experience:

1.Pain Relief:

One of the most significant benefits of joint replacement surgery is the relief from chronic joint pain. Patients often experience a dramatic reduction in pain levels following the procedure.

2.Improved Mobility:

As the joint function improves, patients can expect increased mobility and the ability to perform daily activities with greater ease.


Physical therapy and rehabilitation play a crucial role in the recovery process. Patients should expect to engage in exercises and therapy sessions to regain strength and function.


While joint replacements are not permanent, they can last for many years, allowing patients to enjoy an improved quality of life for an extended period.

5.Enhanced Quality of Life:

Joint replacement can lead to a substantial improvement in a patient's overall quality of life, allowing them to return to activities they may have previously been unable to enjoy.

Cost of Total Joint Replacement in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of total joint replacement in India varies depending on several factors, including the type of joint being replaced, the hospital's location, the surgeon's expertise, and the choice of prosthetic components. However, India is renowned for offering high-quality medical care at a fraction of the cost compared to many Western countries. On average, total joint replacement surgeries in India can range from INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000 ($2,700 to $6,700) per joint.>

Risks of Not Getting Total Joint Replacement

Choosing not to undergo total joint replacement when it is medically indicated can lead to various risks and complications:

- Progression of Pain: Joint pain and discomfort are likely to worsen over time, making it increasingly difficult to manage daily activities.

- Reduced Mobility: The lack of joint replacement can result in decreased joint mobility and function, leading to greater dependency on others.

- Joint Deformities: In some cases, joint conditions may progress to the point of causing deformities, which can be challenging to correct.

- Decreased Quality of Life: Chronic joint pain and limitations in mobility can significantly impact a person's quality of life, leading to social isolation and depression.

- Secondary Health Issues: Reduced physical activity due to joint problems can increase the risk of other health issues such as obesity, cardiovascular problems, and muscle atrophy.

Benefits of Total Joint Replacement

Total joint replacement offers numerous benefits to individuals suffering from joint-related ailments:

1.Pain Relief: The primary goal of joint replacement is to alleviate chronic joint pain, providing immediate relief to patients.

2.Improved Mobility: Patients experience increased joint mobility, allowing them to perform daily tasks with ease and engage in physical activities they enjoy.

3.Enhanced Quality of Life: Joint replacement can significantly improve a patient's overall quality of life by restoring their ability to lead an active and fulfilling lifestyle.

4.Long-Term Results: With proper care, joint replacements can last for many years, providing lasting benefits.

5.Reduced Medication Dependency: Patients may require fewer pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs post-surgery, reducing the risk of medication-related side effects.


In conclusion, total joint replacement is a highly effective medical treatment for individuals suffering from chronic joint pain and mobility limitations. It offers a chance to regain pain-free mobility, improve the quality of life, and return to an active and fulfilling lifestyle. If you are considering this procedure, it is essential to consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon to determine if it is the right solution for your specific condition.


While joint replacements are not considered permanent, they can last for many years, often providing relief for a decade or more.

Recovery times vary, but most patients can expect to return to normal activities within a few months, with continued improvements over the first year.

Yes, many patients can resume low-impact sports and activities after joint replacement. It's essential to discuss specific activities with your surgeon.

There is no specific age limit for joint replacement. The decision is based on individual health and the severity of joint issues.

Complications may include infection, blood clots, implant loosening, and joint dislocation. However, these are relatively rare.

Research the surgeon's credentials, experience, and patient reviews. Consider the hospital's reputation, facilities, and infection control measures.

Many insurance plans cover joint replacement surgery, but it's essential to check with your insurance provider for details.

The ability to drive post-surgery varies among individuals and depends on your overall recovery progress. Consult with your surgeon for guidance.

Yes, there are conservative treatments like physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle modifications that can help manage joint pain. However, they may not provide long-term relief in severe cases.

In many cases, you can discuss implant options with your surgeon. They will consider your specific needs and recommend the most suitable implant for you.

Meet our Doctor's