Heart Valve Repair or Replacement

Treatment Duration

3 hours


6 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 2,00,000


Rs 6,00,000

Heart Valve Repair or Replacement – A Lifesaving Intervention

The heart, an intricate powerhouse of the human body, relies on several components to function optimally, with the heart valves playing a pivotal role. When these valves falter, heart valve repair or replacement can make the difference between life and normalcy.

What is it?

1.Purpose of Heart Valves: The human heart has four valves that ensure blood flows in one direction. These are the mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and pulmonary valves. They open and close seamlessly to regulate blood flow.

2.Repair Vs. Replacement: Heart valve repair involves mending the valves using the patient's tissues, while replacement entails removing the faulty valve and substituting it with a prosthetic.

3.Types of Prosthetic Valves: There are two primary types – mechanical, made from durable materials like carbon, and biological, derived from pig, cow, or human donors.

4.Durability and Longevity: While mechanical valves are longer-lasting, they often require the patient to be on lifelong blood thinners. Biological valves, though not as durable, might be preferable for those who want to avoid these medications.

5.Commonality: Valve problems can be congenital (from birth) or develop later in life due to infections, age, or other heart conditions.

Who Needs It?

- Valve Stenosis: Those with valves that have become narrowed and don't open fully may need the procedure.

- Valve Regurgitation: This is when the valve doesn't close properly, causing blood to leak backward.

- Structural Defects: Congenital valve defects sometimes necessitate repair or replacement.

- Age-Related Changes: Wear and tear over time can degrade valve function.

- Infection or Rheumatic Disease: These can damage the heart valves and impede their normal functioning.

How is it Performed?

1.General Anesthesia: The patient is made unconscious and feels no pain during the surgery.

2.Traditional Surgery: A large incision is made in the chest to access the heart, which might be temporarily stopped. Blood flow is often rerouted using a heart-lung machine.

3.Minimally Invasive Techniques: These involve smaller incisions and specialized instruments. Not everyone is a candidate for this method.

4.Catheter Procedures: For some patients, the valve can be repaired or replaced via a catheter threaded through blood vessels, eliminating the need for open surgery.

5.Determining Repair Vs. Replacement: The surgeon will decide based on the extent of damage, the patient's age, health, and the specific valve involved.

What to Expect from this Surgery?

1.Follow-ups: Regular check-ups are crucial to ensure the repaired or replaced valve functions optimally.

2.Hospital Stay: Usually, patients need to stay in the hospital for a few days to a week.

3.Recovery Time: Full recovery from traditional surgery might take several weeks to a few months. Minimally invasive or catheter procedures often have a shorter recovery time.

4.Medications: Post-surgery medicines can include blood thinners, pain relievers, and drugs to regulate heart rhythm.

5.Activity Restrictions: Initially, there may be limitations on physical activity, driving, and other tasks.

Cost in Top Indian Hospitals

The expense for heart valve repair or replacement in prominent Indian hospitals ranges from ₹2,50,000 to ₹5,50,000 (approximately $3,300 to $7,300), depending on the complexity, valve type, and hospital's reputation.

Risks of Not Getting It

1.Heart Failure: A compromised valve can strain the heart, leading to heart failure.

2.Stroke: Blood clots can form due to turbulent blood flow, potentially causing a stroke if they travel to the brain.

3.Death: Severe valve issues can lead to sudden cardiac death.

4.Decreased Quality of Life: Symptoms like breathlessness, fatigue, and chest pain can affect daily activities.

5.Arrhythmias: Irregular heartbeats can result from untreated valve conditions.

Benefits of this Treatment

- Symptom Alleviation: Most patients experience substantial relief from symptoms post-surgery.

- Improved Lifespan: The procedure can lead to a longer, healthier life.

- Enhanced Heart Efficiency: The heart can pump blood more effectively.

- Active Lifestyle: Patients often return to their regular activities, including exercise.

- Reduced Medication: Some may see a decrease in the need for certain heart medications.


Heart valve repair or replacement is a transformative procedure that can renew both the heart's function and a patient's zest for life. Proper consultation, understanding the process, and post-surgical care are paramount to achieving the best outcomes.


Mechanical valves can last a lifetime, while biological valves typically last 10-20 years.

Yes, most patients return to their regular routines after a recovery period.

Traditional surgeries will have a noticeable scar, while minimally invasive procedures leave smaller marks.

Regular check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, and avoiding smoking are recommended.

Some patients notice a faint ticking sound. This is the sound of the valve leaflets opening and closing.

Depending on your job and the procedure type, it can range from a few weeks to a few months.

Yes, younger patients often receive mechanical valves due to their longevity, while older patients might opt for biological valves.

Mechanical valve recipients typically need lifelong blood thinners. Other medications depend on the individual case.

As with any major operation, there are risks like bleeding, infection, and reactions to anesthesia.

If repair can restore valve function without compromise, it's often preferred. However, replacement might be necessary for severely damaged valves.

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