Tendonitis: Overview, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Precautions, and Treatments

Tendonitis is a common medical condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the tendons, which are thick cords that connect muscles to bones. It typically occurs due to repetitive or overuse of a specific tendon, leading to pain, swelling, and limited mobility. Tendonitis can affect various parts of the body, such as the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees, and ankles. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive understanding of tendonitis, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, precautions, available treatments in India's top hospitals, and answer some frequently asked questions.


Tendonitis, also known as tendinitis, is a common medical condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. This condition primarily involves the inflammation of tendons, the thick cords that attach muscles to bones. Tendonitis can be a source of significant discomfort and pain, often limiting one's ability to perform everyday activities. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the details of tendonitis, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, precautions, and the range of treatment options available in India's leading hospitals.

Causes of Tendonitis

Tendonitis can be caused by a combination of factors, including:

1. Repetitive motions:

Engaging in repetitive activities or motions that strain a particular tendon can lead to tendonitis. Examples include repetitive typing, painting, gardening, or sports activities like tennis or golf.

2. Overuse:

Overuse or excessive strain on a tendon due to intense physical activity, sudden increase in training, or inadequate rest periods can contribute to tendonitis.

3. Aging:

Tendons lose elasticity and become more prone to injury as a person ages, making older individuals more susceptible to tendonitis.

4. Improper technique or form:

Using incorrect technique or form during physical activities or sports can put undue stress on the tendons, increasing the risk of tendonitis.

Symptoms of Tendonitis

The symptoms of tendonitis can vary depending on the affected tendon. However, common symptoms include:

1. Pain:Pain and tenderness in the affected area, which may worsen with movement or activity.

2. Swelling:Swelling and inflammation around the tendon.

3. Limited range of motion:Difficulty moving the affected joint or muscle due to pain and stiffness.

4. Weakness:Weakness or a feeling of instability in the affected area.

5. Crepitus:A cracking or grating sensation or sound when moving the affected tendon.

Diagnosis of Tendonitis

To diagnose tendonitis, a healthcare professional will typically perform the following:

1. Physical examination:

The doctor will examine the affected area, assess for pain, tenderness, swelling, and evaluate the range of motion.

2. Medical history:

The doctor will inquire about the patient's symptoms, duration, and any activities that may have contributed to the condition.

3. Imaging tests:

X-rays, ultrasounds, or MRI scans may be ordered to rule out other possible causes of pain and to assess the extent of tendon damage or inflammation.

Precautions for Tendonitis

Taking precautions is essential to manage tendonitis effectively and prevent further aggravation. Some common precautions include:

1. Rest:Adequate rest is crucial to allow the affected tendon to heal. Avoiding activities that cause pain or discomfort can help prevent further damage.

2. Ice and heat therapy:Applying ice packs or using heat therapy as recommended by a healthcare professional can help reduce pain and inflammation.

3. Proper ergonomics:Maintaining proper posture and using ergonomic equipment and techniques during work or physical activities can minimize strain on the tendons.

4. Gradual progression:When engaging in physical activities or sports, gradually increasing intensity, duration, or resistance can help prevent overuse injuries and tendonitis.

Treatments for Tendonitis

The treatment for tendonitis focuses on relieving pain, reducing inflammation, and promoting healing. India's top hospitals offer a range of treatments, which may include:

1. Medications:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or pain relievers may be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation.

2. Physical therapy:

Physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles around the affected tendon, improve flexibility, and promote healing.

3. Rest and immobilization:

In severe cases, immobilization of the affected area using splints, braces, or casts may be recommended to allow the tendon to heal.

4. Corticosteroid injections:

Injections of corticosteroids may be administered directly into the affected tendon to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

5. Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT):

ESWT is a non-invasive procedure that uses shockwaves to stimulate healing and reduce pain in chronic cases of tendonitis.

6. Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy:

PRP therapy involves injecting a concentrated solution of the patient's own platelets into the affected tendon to promote healing.


Tendonitis is a condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the tendons. It is often caused by repetitive motions, overuse, or improper technique. Understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, precautions, and available treatments for tendonitis is essential for effective management and recovery. By following the recommended precautions, seeking appropriate medical care from top hospitals in India, and adhering to the prescribed treatments, individuals with tendonitis can experience pain relief, reduced inflammation, and improved mobility. Early intervention and proper care contribute to successful healing and prevention of further complications.

Frequently Asked Questions

While tendonitis cannot always be prevented, practicing proper techniques, warming up before physical activities, using appropriate equipment, and gradually increasing intensity can help reduce the risk.

Yes, tendonitis can affect any tendon in the body, but it is commonly seen in the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees, and ankles.

The healing time for tendonitis varies depending on the severity and location of the condition. It may take weeks to months for symptoms to resolve completely.

Surgery is typically considered a last resort for tendonitis cases that do not respond to conservative treatments. Most cases can be managed successfully with non-surgical approaches.

Physical therapy, when performed under the guidance of a qualified professional, can be beneficial for tendonitis. However, it is essential to follow the recommended exercises and not exceed the limits of pain.

Tendonitis can recur if the underlying causes, such as overuse or improper technique, are not addressed. Following proper preventive measures and listening to the body's signals can help minimize the risk of recurrence.

Making lifestyle modifications, such as incorporating regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and using proper ergonomics, can contribute to preventing or managing tendonitis.

In some cases, tendonitis can become chronic, leading to persistent or recurrent symptoms. Proper management, including rest, rehabilitation, and preventive measures, can help control chronic tendonitis.

Some individuals may find relief from tendonitis symptoms through alternative therapies like acupuncture. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before trying any alternative treatments.

In severe cases or if left untreated, tendonitis can potentially lead to tendon rupture. It is crucial to seek medical attention and follow recommended treatments to prevent complications.

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