Radical Prostatectomy

Treatment Duration

2 hours


4 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 2,50,000


Rs 6,00,000

Understanding Radical Prostatectomy: A Comprehensive Guide

Radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure designed to treat prostate cancer effectively. This treatment involves the removal of the entire prostate gland and some surrounding tissues. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting men worldwide, making radical prostatectomy a crucial option for those diagnosed with this condition. In this article, we will delve into the details of this procedure, covering what it is, who needs it, how it is performed, what to expect, its cost in top Indian hospitals, the risks of not getting it, and the benefits of choosing this treatment. We will also address some frequently asked questions to provide a comprehensive understanding of radical prostatectomy.

What is Radical Prostatectomy?

Radical prostatectomy is a surgical treatment for prostate cancer, which involves the complete removal of the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and, in some cases, nearby lymph nodes. The goal is to remove the cancerous tissue and potentially cure or control the disease. There are different approaches to performing a radical prostatectomy, including open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and robot-assisted surgery.

Who Needs Radical Prostatectomy?

1.Localized Prostate Cancer:

Radical prostatectomy is most commonly recommended for men with localized prostate cancer, where the cancer is confined to the prostate gland and has not spread to other parts of the body.

2.Aggressive Tumors:

Patients with aggressive or high-grade prostate tumors may benefit from this surgery, as it aims to remove the cancerous tissue entirely.

3.Long Life Expectancy:

It is often considered for patients with a long life expectancy and good overall health, as the surgery can have a significant impact on quality of life post-treatment.

4.Failure of Other Treatments:

For some individuals, radical prostatectomy may be recommended if other treatments, such as radiation therapy or active surveillance, have not been effective.

5.Patient Preference:

In some cases, the choice to undergo radical prostatectomy may be based on patient preference after a thorough discussion with their healthcare provider.

How is Radical Prostatectomy Performed?

There are several approaches to performing radical prostatectomy:

1.Open Surgery:

In open surgery, a single long incision is made in the abdomen to access and remove the prostate gland. This approach provides direct access to the surgical site but requires a longer recovery period.

2.Laparoscopic Surgery:

In laparoscopic surgery, small incisions are made, and a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a camera) and surgical instruments are inserted. This minimally invasive approach often results in shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times.

3.Robot-Assisted Surgery:

Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy combines laparoscopy with the precision of robotic instruments controlled by the surgeon. This approach allows for greater precision and smaller incisions.

What to Expect From Radical Prostatectomy?

Before the surgery, patients can expect:

- Preoperative preparation, including tests and medical evaluations.

- Discussion with the surgical team to address any concerns or questions.

- Instructions on fasting and medication adjustments.

After the surgery, patients should anticipate:

- Hospitalization for a few days, depending on the type of procedure.

- Catheter placement to aid in urine drainage.

- Gradual return to regular activities, avoiding strenuous exercises initially.

- Potential side effects, including urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction, which may improve over time.

Cost of Radical Prostatectomy in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of radical prostatectomy in India can vary depending on the hospital, location, surgeon's expertise, and the type of procedure performed. On average, the cost can range from INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000 or more. It's essential to consult with hospitals and healthcare providers to get precise estimates and understand what is included in the cost, such as hospitalization, surgeon's fees, and post-operative care.

Risks of Not Getting Radical Prostatectomy

Choosing not to undergo radical prostatectomy can have several risks, including:

1.Disease Progression: Prostate cancer may continue to grow and spread to other parts of the body, making it harder to treat in later stages.

2.Increased Mortality: Delaying or forgoing treatment may increase the risk of prostate cancer-related mortality.

3.Quality of Life: Advanced prostate cancer can lead to symptoms that significantly affect a patient's quality of life, such as pain and difficulty urinating.

4.Limited Treatment Options: The longer treatment is delayed, the fewer treatment options may be available, as advanced cancer may not respond well to certain therapies.

Benefits of Radical Prostatectomy

1.Potential Cure: Radical prostatectomy offers the potential for a cure in cases of localized prostate cancer, where the cancer has not spread beyond the prostate gland.

2.Precise Removal: Surgeons can precisely remove cancerous tissue, reducing the risk of cancer recurrence.

3.Improved Quality of Life: For many men, this surgery can lead to a significant improvement in their quality of life, as it addresses cancer-related symptoms.

4.Long-Term Survival: Radical prostatectomy can provide long-term survival benefits, especially when the cancer is detected early.

5.Pathological Assessment: The removed tissue is examined under a microscope to determine the stage and grade of the cancer, helping to guide further treatment decisions if necessary.


In conclusion, radical prostatectomy is a vital treatment option for men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer. It offers the potential for a cure and improved quality of life. Patients should consult with their healthcare providers to determine if this surgery is the right choice for their specific situation, considering the associated risks and benefits. Regular follow-up care and open communication with medical professionals are essential for a successful outcome.


No, there are other treatment options, including radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and active surveillance, depending on the stage and grade of the cancer.

It is possible, but many patients regain bladder control over time or with the help of pelvic floor exercises.

Yes, it can be affected, but recovery varies from person to person. Some may experience erectile dysfunction initially but see improvement over time.

The recovery period can vary, but most patients can return to regular activities within a few weeks to a few months.

Your healthcare provider may provide specific dietary instructions before surgery, but typically, fasting is required before the procedure.

The risk of recurrence depends on various factors, including the stage and grade of the cancer. Regular follow-up and monitoring are crucial.

The choice of surgical approach should be discussed with your surgeon, taking into account your specific case and their expertise.

Age alone should not be the sole determinant. The decision should be based on overall health and life expectancy.

Radical prostatectomy can affect fertility. Discuss fertility preservation options with your healthcare provider before surgery if this is a concern.

Follow-up care typically includes regular check-ups, PSA (prostate-specific antigen) tests, and discussions about any side effects or concerns.

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