Treatment Duration

30 Minutes


2 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 80,000


Rs 1,50,000

Arthroscopy: A Comprehensive Guide to Minimally Invasive Joint Surgery

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that has revolutionized the field of orthopedics. It allows surgeons to diagnose and treat a wide range of joint conditions with smaller incisions, reduced pain, and quicker recovery times compared to traditional open surgery. In this article, we will delve into the world of arthroscopy, covering everything from what it is and who needs it, to how it is performed and the associated costs and risks. We will also explore the numerous benefits of this treatment, along with a collection of frequently asked questions to address common concerns.

What Is Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is a surgical technique that involves the use of a specialized instrument called an arthroscope. This slender, tube-like device is equipped with a camera and light source, allowing orthopedic surgeons to visualize the interior of a joint with remarkable clarity. Unlike traditional open surgery, arthroscopy requires only small incisions, minimizing trauma to surrounding tissues.

Who Needs Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is recommended for individuals experiencing a variety of joint issues, including but not limited to:

1. Joint Pain:

Arthroscopy can be used to diagnose the cause of unexplained joint pain.

It helps identify conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or injury-related joint pain.

2. Joint Injuries:

Patients with sports-related injuries, torn ligaments, or meniscus tears can benefit from arthroscopy.

It allows for precise repair and reconstruction of damaged joint structures.

3. Inflammation:

Arthroscopy is a valuable tool in managing conditions like synovitis, characterized by joint inflammation.

It can help remove inflamed tissue or fluid buildup in the joint.

4. Cartilage Damage:

Individuals with cartilage damage, which can lead to joint degeneration, may require arthroscopy.

The procedure can be used to repair or remove damaged cartilage.

5. Unexplained Joint Symptoms:

When a patient experiences unexplained symptoms like locking, catching, or instability in a joint, arthroscopy can provide diagnostic and treatment solutions.

How Is Arthroscopy Performed?

The arthroscopy procedure involves several key steps:

1. Anesthesia:

Before the surgery, the patient is typically placed under local or general anesthesia to ensure comfort and pain relief.

2. Incisions:

Small incisions (about the size of a buttonhole) are made near the joint.

The surgeon inserts the arthroscope and specialized instruments through these incisions.

3. Visualization:

The arthroscope provides real-time video footage of the joint's interior on a monitor.

This visualization enables the surgeon to identify and address the problem.

4. Treatment:

Depending on the diagnosis, the surgeon may repair or remove damaged tissue, remove loose fragments, or perform other necessary procedures.

5. Closure:

After the surgery, the incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips.

Bandages or dressings may be applied to the surgical site.

What to Expect from Arthroscopy Surgery

Arthroscopy offers several advantages for patients, including:

1. Minimally Invasive:

Smaller incisions result in less scarring and reduced tissue damage.

This leads to shorter recovery times and less post-operative pain.

2. Faster Recovery:

Patients can often return to their regular activities more quickly compared to traditional surgery.

Physical therapy may be recommended to aid in recovery.

3. Accurate Diagnosis:

The high-definition images provided by the arthroscope enable precise diagnosis and targeted treatment.

4. Reduced Infection Risk:

Smaller incisions decrease the risk of infection.

The procedure is typically performed in a sterile operating room.

5. Outpatient Procedure:

In many cases, arthroscopy is performed on an outpatient basis, allowing patients to go home the same day.

Cost of Arthroscopy in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of arthroscopy in India can vary depending on factors such as the hospital's location, the joint being treated, and the specific procedure performed. On average, the cost of arthroscopy in top Indian hospitals ranges from INR 25,000 to INR 75,000 (approximately $340 to $1,020 USD). It's essential to consult with the hospital and your healthcare provider to get an accurate estimate based on your individual needs.

Risks of Not Getting Arthroscopy

Choosing not to undergo arthroscopy when recommended by a healthcare professional can have several consequences:

1. Chronic Pain:

Untreated joint issues can lead to chronic pain and discomfort.

This may significantly impact a person's quality of life.

2. Joint Damage:

Neglected injuries or conditions may worsen over time, causing irreversible damage to the joint.

3. Reduced Mobility:

Joint problems left untreated can result in decreased joint mobility and function.

This may limit daily activities and hinder physical fitness.

4. Complications:

In some cases, untreated joint conditions can lead to complications that may require more invasive and extensive surgery later on.

Benefits of Arthroscopy Treatment

Arthroscopy offers numerous advantages that make it a preferred choice for joint-related issues:

1. Minimized Scarring: Smaller incisions result in minimal scarring, making it cosmetically appealing.

2. Quicker Recovery: Patients can often return to their normal routines and activities faster than with open surgery.

3. Reduced Pain: Arthroscopy typically causes less post-operative pain compared to traditional surgery.

4. Precise Diagnosis: High-definition imagery helps in accurate diagnosis and targeted treatment.

5. Lower Infection Risk: The reduced size of incisions lowers the risk of infection.


In conclusion, arthroscopy is a versatile and effective minimally invasive surgical technique that has transformed the management of joint-related issues. Whether you are dealing with joint pain, injuries, or inflammation, arthroscopy offers the benefits of reduced pain, faster recovery, and precise diagnosis. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if arthroscopy is the right treatment option for your specific condition.


Arthroscopy is generally associated with less post-operative pain compared to open surgery. Patients may experience some discomfort, which can be managed with pain medication prescribed by the surgeon.

Recovery times vary depending on the individual and the specific procedure. Some patients can resume normal activities within a few weeks, while others may require a few months for complete recovery.

Arthroscopy is considered a safe procedure with minimal risks. However, as with any surgery, there are potential complications. It's essential to discuss these risks with your surgeon before the procedure.

Arthroscopy is commonly used for knee, shoulder, hip, and ankle joints. It can also be performed on other joints in some cases, depending on the condition and the surgeon's expertise.

On the day of surgery, you'll be admitted to the hospital, prepared for anesthesia, and taken to the operating room. After the procedure, you'll be monitored in the recovery area before being discharged or admitted for an overnight stay, depending on the complexity of the surgery.

It's generally recommended not to drive immediately after arthroscopy, especially if you have received anesthesia. You should arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital on the day of the surgery.

The timing for returning to work and physical activities varies based on the type of arthroscopy and individual recovery progress. Your surgeon will provide specific guidance on when it's safe to do so.

While arthroscopy is considered safe, there can be potential long-term effects or complications, such as infection, blood clots, or nerve damage. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.

In many cases, physical therapy is recommended to help regain joint strength and mobility. Your surgeon will determine if you need post-operative physical therapy and provide guidance on the duration and frequency of sessions.

It's generally recommended not to drive immediately after arthroscopy, especially if you have received anesthesia. You should arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital on the day of the surgery.

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