Prostate enlargement

Understanding Prostate Enlargement: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment in India's Top Hospitals

Prostate enlargement, medically known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition that affects men as they age. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder, surrounding the urethra. Its primary function is to produce seminal fluid. However, as men age, the prostate may gradually enlarge, leading to various urinary problems.

Introduction to Prostate enlargement

As men age, they often encounter various health challenges, and one condition that frequently makes its presence known is prostate enlargement, medically known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The prostate, a small, walnut-sized gland situated just beneath the bladder, plays a crucial role in the male reproductive system. However, with time, this seemingly unassuming organ can undergo changes that have a significant impact on a man's quality of life.

Causes of Prostate enlargement

The exact cause of prostate enlargement is not fully understood, but several factors contribute to its development:

- Aging: BPH is predominantly an age-related condition, with most men experiencing some degree of prostate enlargement as they get older.

- Hormonal Changes: Changes in hormonal balance, particularly an increase in dihydrotestosterone (DHT), are believed to play a role in prostate growth.

- Family History: Men with a family history of BPH are at a higher risk of developing the condition themselves.

- Obesity: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of BPH and its progression.

Symptoms of Prostate enlargement

Prostate enlargement can lead to various urinary symptoms, which may include:

1.Frequent Urination: The need to urinate more often, especially at night (nocturia).

2.Urgency: Sudden and strong urges to urinate.

3.Weak Urine Stream: Difficulty in starting and maintaining a strong urine flow.

4.Incomplete Emptying: The feeling of not completely emptying the bladder.

5.Dribbling: Urine may continue to dribble after urination has finished.

Diagnosis for Prostate enlargement

If you're experiencing symptoms of prostate enlargement, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional. Diagnosis typically involves:

Medical History:

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history.

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE):

A physical examination of the prostate through the rectum to assess its size and condition.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test:

A blood test to measure PSA levels, which can be elevated in prostate conditions.

Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS):

An imaging test using sound waves to create a picture of the prostate.


A test to measure the speed and volume of urine flow.

Precautions for Prostate enlargement

While prostate enlargement cannot be entirely prevented, some precautions can help manage the condition and reduce its impact:

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle:

Regular exercise and a balanced diet can help control weight and hormonal imbalances.

Limit Fluid Intake Before Bed:

Reducing evening fluid intake can help decrease nighttime urination.

Avoid Alcohol and Caffeine:

These substances can irritate the bladder and worsen urinary symptoms.

Treatments for Prostate Enlargement

Several treatment options are available for prostate enlargement, depending on the severity of the condition:

Watchful Waiting:

For mild cases, close monitoring without immediate treatment may be recommended.


Alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors can help relieve symptoms.

Minimally Invasive Procedures:

Options like transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and laser therapy can remove or shrink prostate tissue.


In severe cases, open or robotic-assisted prostatectomy may be necessary to remove the enlarged prostate tissue.

Top Hospitals for Prostate Enlargement Treatment in India

India boasts world-class healthcare facilities and renowned specialists in the field of urology. Some of the top hospitals for prostate enlargement treatment include:

Apollo Hospitals, Chennai: Known for its state-of-the-art urology department.

Fortis Hospital, Delhi: Offers comprehensive urological services.

Medanta - The Medicity, Gurugram: Home to experienced urologists and advanced technology.

AIIMS, Delhi: A government hospital with a dedicated urology department.

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai: Known for its expertise in urological surgeries.


In conclusion, prostate enlargement (BPH) is a common condition among aging men. While it cannot be entirely prevented, various treatments and precautions can help manage its symptoms effectively. Seeking medical advice and considering top hospitals in India for treatment can ensure the best care for those affected by BPH.

Frequently Asked Questions

No, they are different. Prostate enlargement (BPH) is a non-cancerous condition, while prostate cancer is malignant.

While a healthy diet can support overall prostate health, it cannot entirely prevent BPH.

Aging is the primary risk factor, but not all men will develop BPH.

Exercise, a balanced diet, and limiting alcohol and caffeine intake can be beneficial.

Medications like alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors help relax the prostate and reduce its size.

No, minimally invasive procedures are available before considering surgery.

Recovery varies but can take several weeks. Your doctor will provide specific guidance.

Some medications may have side effects, so consult your doctor if you experience any.

In some cases, BPH symptoms may return and require further treatment.

BPH itself is not life-threatening, but it can impact quality of life if left untreated.

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