Fracture Fixation

Treatment Duration

1 hours


3 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 2,00,000


Rs 5,00,000

Fracture Fixation: Restoring Strength and Mobility

Fracture fixation is a surgical procedure designed to repair and stabilize broken bones, facilitating the body's natural healing process. When a bone fractures, it can result from a variety of causes, including accidents, falls, sports injuries, or underlying medical conditions. These fractures can range from simple to complex, but the goal of fracture fixation remains consistent: to restore the bone's alignment, promote proper healing, and ultimately regain functionality. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the various aspects of fracture fixation, from who may require it to how it's performed, along with its potential costs, risks, and benefits.

What Is Fracture Fixation?

Fracture fixation is a surgical procedure that involves the realignment and stabilization of broken bones using various techniques and implants. The primary objective is to promote the natural healing of the bone, ensuring that it regains its strength and alignment. This procedure is crucial for fractures that cannot heal effectively through non-surgical methods like casting or splinting.

Who Needs Fracture Fixation?

Fracture fixation is recommended for individuals who have sustained fractures that are more complex or unstable, making it difficult for the bone to heal properly on its own. Some common scenarios where fracture fixation may be necessary include:

1.Complex Fractures: When a bone breaks into multiple pieces or has an irregular shape, surgery may be required to restore its alignment.

2.Open Fractures: Fractures that break through the skin pose a high risk of infection and require surgical intervention.

3.Fractures Involving Joints: Fractures that affect joints can significantly impact mobility and may require surgical intervention to prevent long-term joint problems.

4.Fractures in Children: Pediatric fractures, especially those involving growth plates, may require surgical fixation to prevent growth disturbances.

5.Fractures in Elderly Individuals: Older adults with fragile bones may benefit from surgery to ensure proper healing and reduce the risk of complications.

How Is Fracture Fixation Performed?

The procedure may vary depending on the type and location of the fracture. However, there are common steps involved:

1.Anesthesia: The patient is given either general anesthesia or regional anesthesia to ensure they are comfortable and pain-free during the procedure.

2.Incision: A surgical incision is made near the fracture site to access the broken bone.

3.Realignment: The surgeon carefully repositions the fractured bone segments into their correct anatomical alignment.

4.Stabilization: Various methods are used to stabilize the bone, including the use of screws, plates, rods, wires, or external fixation devices.

5.Closure: The incision is closed with sutures, and a sterile dressing is applied to the wound.

What to Expect From Fracture Fixation Surgery

Recovery from fracture fixation surgery varies depending on the individual, the type of fracture, and the surgical approach. However, here are some general expectations:

- Hospital Stay: Most patients will spend a few days in the hospital after surgery for monitoring and pain management.

- Immobilization: A cast, splint, or brace may be necessary to immobilize the affected area and facilitate healing.

- Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation exercises may be required to regain strength, mobility, and function.

- Pain Management: Pain medication will be prescribed to manage post-operative discomfort.

- Follow-Up Visits: Regular follow-up appointments with the surgeon are essential to monitor healing progress.

What Is the Cost in Top Indian Hospitals?

The cost of fracture fixation surgery in India can vary significantly depending on factors such as the hospital's location, the type of fracture, the surgeon's expertise, and the choice of implants. On average, the cost may range from INR 30,000 to INR 1,50,000 (approximately USD 400 to USD 2,000). It's important to consult with healthcare providers and insurance companies to get a more accurate estimate based on your specific case.

Risks of Not Getting Fracture Fixation

Choosing not to undergo fracture fixation surgery when it is medically indicated can lead to several risks and complications, including:

1.Malunion: The bone may heal in an incorrect position, causing permanent deformity or functional impairment.

2.Nonunion: The fracture may fail to heal, leading to persistent pain and disability.

3.Infection Open fractures that are left untreated can lead to severe infections, potentially requiring amputation in extreme cases.

4.Joint Problems: Fractures involving joints can result in long-term joint problems, including arthritis.

5.Chronic Pain: Improperly healed fractures can cause chronic pain and reduced mobility.

Benefits of Fracture Fixation

Fracture fixation surgery offers numerous benefits, including:

1.Improved Healing: Surgery ensures proper alignment and stabilization, promoting more efficient bone healing.

2.Restored Functionality: Patients can regain mobility and functionality more quickly, allowing them to return to their normal activities.

3.Reduced Pain: Properly aligned fractures typically result in less pain during the healing process.

4.Lower Risk of Complications: Surgical intervention reduces the risk of complications like infection and nonunion.

5.Prevention of Deformity: Surgery can prevent long-term deformities or functional limitations.


Fracture fixation is a valuable procedure that can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals who have experienced bone fractures. If you or a loved one is facing the possibility of fracture fixation surgery, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional to make informed decisions about the best course of treatment and care.


No, not all fractures require surgical fixation. Simple fractures that can be effectively managed with casting or splinting may not need surgery.

Recovery time varies but typically ranges from a few weeks to several months, depending on the fracture's severity.

Yes, there will be a scar at the surgical site, but it should fade over time. Proper wound care can minimize its appearance.

Your surgeon may recommend a diet rich in nutrients like calcium and vitamin D to support bone healing.

Your surgeon will provide specific guidelines, but it generally depends on the type of fracture and how well it heals.

Yes, children may require surgery for certain fractures, especially if they involve growth plates.

Yes, some fractures can be treated non-surgically with casting, bracing, or traction, depending on their type and location.

Pain is typically managed with medications, and many patients experience only mild to moderate discomfort.

Yes, fracture fixation can be performed on older adults, but their overall health and bone density may influence the decision.

In many cases, patients can expect full or near-full recovery with proper rehabilitation and care.

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