Treatment Duration

30 Minutes


1 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 2,30,000


Rs 2,65,000

Vertebroplasty: Restoring Spinal Health with Precision

In the realm of medical treatments and surgical interventions, there are a multitude of options available to address various health issues. One such procedure, known as vertebroplasty, has gained significant attention in recent years for its effectiveness in treating certain spine-related conditions. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the details of vertebroplasty, covering its definition, indications, procedure, expected outcomes, costs in top Indian hospitals, potential risks of forgoing the treatment, and its myriad benefits.

What is Vertebroplasty?

Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure primarily used to treat vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). These fractures, often caused by osteoporosis, trauma, or tumors, can lead to severe pain, limited mobility, and a decreased quality of life. The primary goal of vertebroplasty is to alleviate pain and stabilize the fractured vertebrae.

Here's how it works: During the procedure, a special type of cement is injected directly into the fractured vertebra. This cement hardens quickly, effectively stabilizing the bone and reducing pain. Vertebroplasty is known for its quick recovery time and relatively low risk compared to traditional open surgeries.

Who Needs Vertebroplasty?

Vertebroplasty is recommended for individuals who meet specific criteria. Common candidates include:

- Osteoporosis Patients: Individuals with severe osteoporosis are susceptible to vertebral compression fractures. Vertebroplasty can offer them relief from pain and improved stability.

- Trauma Victims: People who have suffered traumatic injuries resulting in vertebral fractures may benefit from this procedure.

- Cancer Patients: Cancerous tumors can weaken the vertebrae, leading to fractures. Vertebroplasty can help alleviate pain caused by tumor-related fractures.

- Severe Pain: Anyone experiencing debilitating pain due to vertebral fractures that does not respond to conservative treatments may be considered for vertebroplasty.

- Limited Mobility:Those with limited mobility due to vertebral compression fractures can regain function and independence through this procedure.

How is Vertebroplasty Performed?

Vertebroplasty is performed under local or general anesthesia, depending on the patient's condition and the surgeon's preference. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of the procedure:

1.Preparation: The patient is positioned face down on the operating table, and the area over the fractured vertebra is sterilized.

2.Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is administered to numb the skin and tissues over the treatment area, or in some cases, general anesthesia may be used.

3.Guidance: Using real-time X-ray (fluoroscopy) or CT scans, the surgeon guides a thin needle into the fractured vertebra through a small incision in the skin.

4.Cement Injection: Special bone cement (usually polymethylmethacrylate or PMMA) is injected into the fractured vertebra through the needle. The cement quickly hardens, stabilizing the bone.

5.Monitoring: The surgeon carefully monitors the injection to ensure proper placement of the cement and to avoid any complications.

6.Closure: Once the cement has set, the needle is removed, and the incision is closed with a small bandage.

The entire procedure typically takes about 30 to 60 minutes per treated vertebra. After a brief observation period, patients are often allowed to return home the same day or the following day.

What to Expect from Vertebroplasty?

Patients undergoing vertebroplasty can expect several outcomes and experiences:

- Pain Relief The primary goal of vertebroplasty is to relieve pain. Many patients experience significant pain reduction shortly after the procedure.

- Improved Mobility: As pain decreases, patients often notice improved mobility and the ability to resume daily activities.

- Quick Recovery: Vertebroplasty is minimally invasive, leading to a quicker recovery compared to traditional open surgery.

- Long-lasting Results: The cement used in vertebroplasty provides long-lasting stability to the treated vertebrae, offering sustained pain relief.

- Minimal Scarring: The small incisions result in minimal scarring, enhancing cosmetic outcomes.

Cost of Vertebroplasty in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of vertebroplasty in India varies depending on the hospital, the city, the number of vertebrae treated, and whether general or local anesthesia is used. On average, the procedure can cost between INR 50,000 to INR 1,50,000 per vertebra. It is advisable to consult with hospitals directly to get accurate cost estimates as they may change over time.

Risks of Not Getting Vertebroplasty

Choosing not to undergo vertebroplasty when medically indicated can have several negative consequences:

1.Continued Pain: The most immediate risk is continued and possibly worsening pain caused by the untreated fracture.

2.Reduced Mobility: Untreated vertebral fractures can lead to decreased mobility and a lower quality of life.

3.Spinal Deformity: Prolonged vertebral compression fractures can result in spinal deformities.

4.Dependency: Patients with untreated fractures may become dependent on pain medications, which can have adverse side effects.

5.Complications: In some cases, untreated fractures can lead to complications such as pulmonary issues due to limited mobility.

Benefits of Vertebroplasty

Vertebroplasty offers numerous benefits to patients:

Pain Relief: The procedure is highly effective at reducing or eliminating pain caused by vertebral compression fractures.

Improved Quality of Life: Patients can regain their independence, mobility, and overall quality of life.

Minimally Invasive: Vertebroplasty is minimally invasive, resulting in smaller incisions, less scarring, and faster recovery times compared to open surgery.

Quick Results: Many patients experience immediate pain relief and improved mobility following the procedure.

Low Risk: The risks associated with vertebroplasty are relatively low compared to open surgical alternatives.

Long-lasting Results: The cement used in vertebroplasty provides long-term stability to the treated vertebrae.


In conclusion, vertebroplasty is a valuable and minimally invasive procedure that offers substantial benefits for individuals suffering from vertebral compression fractures. It provides effective pain relief, improves mobility, and enhances the overall quality of life for many patients. It is crucial for those considering vertebroplasty to consult with their healthcare providers to determine if this procedure is the right choice for their specific needs and circumstances.


No, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are similar but distinct procedures. Both involve cement injection into fractured vertebrae, but kyphoplasty involves inflating a balloon to create space before cement injection, while vertebroplasty directly injects the cement.

The pain relief from vertebroplasty can last for an extended period, often years. However, it can vary from patient to patient, and some may require additional treatments.

Patients are typically advised to avoid strenuous activities for a few weeks after vertebroplasty. However, most can resume normal activities relatively quickly.

While rare, complications can include infection, cement leakage, or an allergic reaction to the cement. These risks are minimized with proper technique and experienced surgeons.

Yes, vertebroplasty can be performed on multiple vertebrae during a single session, depending on the patient's condition and the surgeon's recommendation.

In some cases, health insurance may cover the cost of vertebroplasty, especially when it is medically necessary. It is advisable to check with your insurance provider for specific coverage details.

Recovery times can vary, but many patients are able to return to their normal activities within a few days to a week after the procedure.

There are typically no strict age restrictions for vertebroplasty. The suitability of the procedure is determined on an individual basis based on the patient's overall health and condition.

Yes, vertebroplasty can be repeated if necessary, and additional vertebrae require treatment.

The cement used in vertebroplasty typically hardens within minutes, providing immediate stability to the fractured vertebra.

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