Treatment Duration

1 hours


2 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 75,000


Rs 2,50,000

Microdiscectomy: A Comprehensive Guide to Spinal Surgery

Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that has transformed the lives of countless individuals suffering from debilitating back pain due to herniated discs. This innovative treatment offers relief by removing pressure on spinal nerves, allowing patients to regain their mobility and improve their quality of life. In this article, we will provide an in-depth exploration of microdiscectomy, covering topics ranging from its definition and who may benefit from it to the procedure itself, recovery expectations, cost considerations in top Indian hospitals, potential risks of avoiding it, and the numerous benefits associated with this treatment.

What is Microdiscectomy?

Microdiscectomy, also known as microdecompression, is a surgical procedure primarily used to treat herniated or bulging discs in the spine. It involves the removal of a small portion of the damaged disc, relieving pressure on the surrounding spinal nerves. The term "micro" in microdiscectomy refers to the use of advanced microsurgical techniques and specialized instruments that minimize damage to surrounding tissue.

Who Needs Microdiscectomy?

Microdiscectomy is typically recommended for individuals who experience chronic and severe back pain due to conditions such as:

- Herniated Disc: When the inner gel-like substance of a spinal disc pushes through its outer layer, it can irritate or compress nearby nerves, leading to pain, weakness, and numbness.

- Bulging Disc: A bulging disc occurs when the disc's outer layer weakens, causing it to protrude into the spinal canal and potentially compress nerve roots.

- Sciatica: Microdiscectomy can be an effective treatment for sciatica, a condition characterized by radiating pain, tingling, and numbness that extends from the lower back down the leg, often caused by a herniated disc pressing on the sciatic nerve.

- Failed Conservative Treatment: When non-surgical approaches like physical therapy, medication, and epidural injections fail to alleviate the symptoms, microdiscectomy may be considered.

How is Microdiscectomy Performed?

The microdiscectomy procedure can be summarized in several key steps:

1.Anesthesia: The patient is placed under general anesthesia to ensure they are completely pain-free and unconscious during the surgery.

2.Incision: A small incision is made in the back, typically less than an inch in size, over the affected disc.

3.Visualization: A microscope or magnifying glasses are used to provide an enhanced view of the surgical area, enabling the surgeon to precisely target the herniated disc.

4.Removal of Herniated Tissue: The surgeon carefully removes the herniated or bulging portion of the disc, relieving pressure on the affected nerve.

5.Closure: The incision is closed with sutures, and a sterile dressing is applied.

What to Expect from Microdiscectomy Surgery?

Patients undergoing microdiscectomy can anticipate the following:

1.Short Hospital Stay: Microdiscectomy is typically performed as an outpatient procedure, and most patients can return home on the same day.

2.Reduced Pain: Relief from the symptoms caused by the herniated disc is often immediate, though some surgical discomfort is expected.

3.Gradual Recovery: Full recovery may take a few weeks to several months, depending on individual factors and the extent of the surgery.

4.Physical Therapy: Postoperative rehabilitation and physical therapy may be recommended to help regain strength and flexibility in the back.

5.Resumption of Normal Activities: Most patients can resume light activities within a few weeks and gradually return to their normal routines.

Cost of Microdiscectomy in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of microdiscectomy in India can vary significantly depending on the hospital, location, surgeon's expertise, and whether any complications arise during the procedure. On average, the cost can range from INR 1,00,000 to INR 3,00,000 (approximately $1,350 to $4,050 USD). Top-tier hospitals in metropolitan areas tend to have higher fees.

Risks of Not Getting Microdiscectomy

Delaying or avoiding microdiscectomy when it is medically indicated can lead to several potential risks, including:

- Worsening Symptoms: Herniated discs tend to worsen over time, causing increased pain, numbness, and weakness.

- Nerve Damage: Prolonged compression of spinal nerves can result in permanent nerve damage.

- Reduced Quality of Life: Unrelenting pain and discomfort can severely impact daily life, including work, mobility, and overall well-being.

- Limited Treatment Options: As the condition worsens, surgery may become the only viable option, and the success rate may decrease.

- Emotional Impact: Chronic pain can lead to depression, anxiety, and reduced quality of life.

Benefits of Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy offers numerous benefits to patients, including:

1.Effective Pain Relief: The surgery often provides immediate relief from pain caused by herniated discs.

2.Minimally Invasive: The procedure is minimally invasive, with smaller incisions and less tissue disruption compared to traditional open surgery.

3.Short Recovery Time: Most patients can resume their daily activities relatively quickly, compared to more extensive spinal surgeries.

4.Lower Complication Rates: Microdiscectomy is associated with a lower risk of complications compared to open surgery.

5.Improved Quality of Life: Patients can regain their mobility and enjoy a better quality of life, free from debilitating back pain.


Microdiscectomy is a cutting-edge surgical procedure that offers hope and relief to individuals suffering from the debilitating effects of herniated discs and related spinal conditions. With its minimally invasive approach, reduced recovery time, and significant benefits, it has become a preferred treatment option for many. However, it is crucial to consult with a qualified healthcare professional to determine if microdiscectomy is the right choice for your specific condition. This surgery has the potential to transform lives, providing long-awaited relief and a return to an active, pain-free lifestyle.


No, microdiscectomy is a procedure to remove a portion of a herniated disc, while spinal fusion is a separate procedure that fuses two or more vertebrae together.

On average, microdiscectomy surgery takes about 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the complexity.

While microdiscectomy is considered safe, potential risks include infection, bleeding, nerve damage, and recurrence of the disc problem.

Your surgeon may recommend physical therapy to help you regain strength and mobility in your back.

You should avoid driving until your surgeon gives you clearance, which is typically a few weeks after the procedure.

The timing of your return to work depends on your job and the extent of the surgery. Many people can return to desk jobs within a few weeks.

In most cases, you won't need a back brace after microdiscectomy.

You should avoid strenuous activities for a few weeks and gradually reintroduce them with your surgeon's guidance.

Your surgeon will provide specific instructions, but it's essential to avoid eating or drinking for several hours before the procedure.

Smoking can hinder the healing process, so it's advisable to quit or reduce smoking both before and after surgery.

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