Colonic polyps

Colonic Polyps: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment in Top Indian Hospitals

Colonic polyps, also known as colorectal polyps, are abnormal growths of tissue that develop on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. These growths can vary in size and shape and may be benign (non-cancerous) or, in some cases, precancerous. Colonic polyps are a common condition and can occur at any age, but they are more commonly found in individuals over the age of 50.

Introduction to Colonic polyps

Colonic polyps, also known as colorectal polyps, are a prevalent and often benign condition that affects the colon (large intestine) and rectum. These growths, which appear as abnormal tissue projections on the inner lining of the colon, are a common finding during routine medical screenings, such as colonoscopies. While many colonic polyps are harmless, some have the potential to become cancerous if left untreated.

Causes of Colonic polyps

The exact cause of colonic polyps is not fully understood, but several factors may contribute to their development:

  1. Genetics: Individuals with a family history of colonic polyps or colorectal cancer may be at a higher risk.
  2. Diet: A diet high in fat and low in fiber may increase the risk of developing polyps.
  3. Age: The risk of colonic polyps increases with age, especially after 50.
  4. Inflammatory Conditions: Certain conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), can increase the risk.

Symptoms of Colonic polyps

Colonic polyps often do not cause any symptoms, especially when they are small. However, larger polyps or those with certain characteristics may lead to the following symptoms:

  • Rectal bleeding: Blood in the stool or on toilet paper.
  • Changes in bowel habits: Such as diarrhea or constipation.
  • Abdominal pain: Cramping or discomfort.
  • Anemia: Due to chronic, slow bleeding.

Diagnosis for Colonic polyps

Colonic polyps are typically discovered during routine screenings or when investigating symptoms. Common diagnostic methods include:


This procedure involves inserting a flexible tube with a camera into the colon to detect and remove polyps.

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy:

Similar to a colonoscopy but focuses on the lower part of the colon.

Barium Enema:

An X-ray procedure where a contrast material is used to highlight polyps.

CT Colonography (Virtual Colonoscopy):

A CT scan of the colon that can detect polyps.

Precautions for Colonic polyps

Preventing colonic polyps involves adopting a healthy lifestyle:

  1. Diet: Consume a high-fiber, low-fat diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  2. Regular Screenings: Follow recommended screening guidelines, especially if you have risk factors or a family history.
  3. Quit Smoking: Smoking may increase the risk of polyps.

Treatments Available in India's Top Hospitals

The treatment of colonic polyps depends on their size, type, and whether they are precancerous. Common treatment options include:


Removal of polyps during a colonoscopy.


If the polyps are large or cancerous, surgical removal of the affected part of the colon may be necessary.


In some cases, medications may be prescribed to manage underlying conditions or to prevent the recurrence of polyps.

Top Hospitals for Colonic Polyp Treatment in India

India boasts some of the finest medical institutions in the world. When it comes to the diagnosis and treatment of colonic polyps, these hospitals are known for their excellence:

Apollo Hospitals::

With a vast network across India, Apollo Hospitals is renowned for its comprehensive gastrointestinal care.

Fortis Healthcare::

Known for its state-of-the-art facilities and experienced medical professionals.

Manipal Hospitals:

Offers advanced colorectal care services with a focus on minimally invasive procedures.

Max Healthcare:

Known for its multidisciplinary approach to colonic polyp treatment.

Medanta - The Medicity:

Home to leading gastroenterologists and advanced diagnostic tools.

Artemis Hospital:

Provides comprehensive care for colonic polyps and colorectal diseases.


In conclusion, colonic polyps are a common condition that can be managed effectively with early detection and appropriate treatment. India's top hospitals offer comprehensive care for individuals with colonic polyps, ensuring the best possible outcomes. If you have concerns about colonic polyps or related symptoms, consult a healthcare professional for guidance and screening.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, some types of colonic polyps, especially adenomatous polyps, can potentially develop into colorectal cancer if left untreated. Regular screenings are essential for early detection.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet high in fiber and low in fat, along with regular screenings, can help reduce the risk of colonic polyps.

No, the majority of colonic polyps are benign and do not become cancerous. However, some types have a higher risk of developing into cancer.

The recovery time can vary depending on the type and size of the polyp and the surgical procedure. Your doctor will provide specific guidance.

The recommended screening frequency varies based on individual risk factors. Consult your healthcare provider for personalized recommendations.

Your doctor may recommend dietary changes or restrictions based on your specific condition and the type of polyps removed.

While surgery and polypectomy are the most common treatments, your doctor will assess your case and recommend the most suitable approach.

Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of advanced colorectal cancer, but it is not typically associated with colonic polyps.

Yes, having a family history of colonic polyps or colorectal cancer increases your risk of developing polyps.

A diet high in fat and low in fiber may be associated with an increased risk of colonic polyps. Maintaining a healthy diet is recommended.

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