Lung Resection

Treatment Duration

2 hours


3 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 2,50,000


Rs 8,00,000

Lung Resection: A Comprehensive Guide to the Procedure, Benefits, and Risks

Lung resection, also known as pulmonary resection, is a surgical procedure aimed at removing a portion or, in some cases, the entire lung. This treatment is often necessary to address various lung conditions, ranging from lung cancer to infections and congenital anomalies. In this article, we will provide you with an in-depth understanding of lung resection, including what it is, who needs it, how it is performed, what to expect from the surgery, the cost of the procedure in top Indian hospitals, the risks of not getting it, and the numerous benefits it can offer.

What is Lung Resection?

Lung resection is a surgical intervention designed to remove a part or all of a diseased or damaged lung. This procedure is performed to treat a range of conditions, including:

1.Lung Cancer: Lung resection is a common treatment for lung cancer. Depending on the stage and location of the tumor, surgeons may remove a portion of the lung (lobectomy) or the entire lung (pneumonectomy).

2.Infections: In cases of severe lung infections, such as tuberculosis or abscesses, lung resection can be necessary to remove the affected tissue and prevent the infection from spreading.

3.Congenital Anomalies: Some individuals are born with congenital lung conditions that require surgical correction, such as lung cysts or bronchiectasis.

4.Trauma: Severe lung injuries resulting from accidents or penetrating wounds may necessitate lung resection to repair or remove damaged tissue.

5.Lung Diseases: Chronic conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can progress to a stage where surgery becomes the best option to improve lung function.

Who Needs Lung Resection?

The need for lung resection arises in various medical scenarios. The individuals who may require this procedure include:

1.Patients with Lung Cancer:

Individuals diagnosed with early or advanced-stage lung cancer, depending on tumor size, location, and staging, may require lung resection as part of their treatment plan.

2.Patients with Infections:

Individuals suffering from severe lung infections that do not respond to conservative treatments may need lung resection to eliminate the source of the infection.

3.Congenital Anomalies:

Infants and children born with congenital lung anomalies, as well as adults with undiagnosed or untreated congenital issues, may require lung resection for correction.

4.Trauma Victims:

Those who have experienced traumatic injuries to the chest or lungs, which result in significant tissue damage, may need lung resection to repair or remove damaged areas.

5.Advanced Lung Diseases:

Patients with advanced stages of lung diseases like COPD, bronchiectasis, or interstitial lung disease, for whom conservative treatments have failed, might benefit from lung resection to improve their quality of life.

How is Lung Resection Performed?

The surgical procedure for lung resection involves several steps:

1.Preoperative Evaluation: Before the surgery, a thorough evaluation of the patient's overall health, lung function, and the extent of the lung disease or condition is conducted.

2.Anesthesia: The patient is put under general anesthesia to ensure they are unconscious and pain-free during the procedure.

3.Incision: Surgeons make an incision between the ribs, typically on the side of the chest where the affected lung is located. This incision provides access to the chest cavity.

4.Lung Isolation: A specialized double-lumen endotracheal tube is inserted into the patient's airway to isolate the affected lung, allowing the surgeon to work on it while the other lung continues to function.

5.Resection: Depending on the reason for the surgery, the surgeon will remove the affected portion of the lung, a lobe, or the entire lung.

6.Closure: After the resection is complete, the incision is closed, and the patient is monitored as they wake up from anesthesia.

The specific technique used can vary, and in some cases, minimally invasive approaches like video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) may be employed, which involves smaller incisions and shorter recovery times.

What to Expect from Lung Resection Surgery

Recovery Period:

1.Hospital Stay: Patients typically stay in the hospital for a few days to a week following lung resection, depending on the extent of the surgery and their overall health.

2.Pain Management: Pain and discomfort are common after the surgery, but medications are provided to manage this.

3.Breathing Exercises: Patients are encouraged to perform breathing exercises to improve lung function and reduce the risk of complications.

Long-term Outcomes:

1.Improved Lung Function: In cases where only a portion of the lung is removed, patients can often experience improved lung function and a better quality of life.

2.Cancer Treatment: For lung cancer patients, lung resection can be curative if the cancer is caught early. In advanced cases, it may be combined with other treatments like chemotherapy or radiation.

3.Lifestyle Changes: Patients may need to make certain lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking or avoiding exposure to lung irritants, to maintain the benefits of the surgery.

What is the Cost of Lung Resection in Top Indian Hospitals?

The cost of lung resection in India can vary depending on several factors, including the hospital, the surgeon's experience, the type of procedure performed, and the patient's overall health. On average, the cost can range from INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000 or more. It's essential to consult with hospitals and healthcare providers to get precise cost estimates based on your specific case.

Risks of Not Getting Lung Resection

Choosing not to undergo lung resection when medically advised can have significant risks, including:

1.Cancer Progression: For lung cancer patients, delaying or refusing surgery may allow the cancer to advance to a stage where it becomes inoperable or less responsive to treatment.

2.Complications: Untreated lung infections, congenital anomalies, or lung diseases can lead to severe complications, such as abscess formation, respiratory failure, or even death.

3.Reduced Quality of Life: Lung conditions left untreated can significantly impact one's quality of life, leading to chronic symptoms, reduced physical activity, and decreased overall well-being.

Benefits of Lung Resection

Lung resection offers several potential benefits, depending on the underlying condition:

1.Cancer Cure: In early-stage lung cancer, resection can lead to a complete cure, providing the patient with a chance for a cancer-free life.

2.Improved Lung Function: For non-cancerous conditions, removing diseased lung tissue can enhance lung function, allowing patients to breathe more easily.

3.Preventing Infection Spread: In cases of severe lung infections, resection can prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of the body.

4.Correcting Congenital Anomalies: Lung resection can correct congenital lung anomalies, improving a patient's overall health and well-being.

5.Trauma Recovery: Individuals who have experienced lung trauma can benefit from resection to repair damaged tissue and restore lung function.


Lung resection is a critical medical procedure that offers hope and improved quality of life for individuals suffering from a range of lung diseases and conditions. Understanding the intricacies of this surgery, including its benefits, risks, and what to expect, is essential for making informed decisions about your healthcare. If you or a loved one is facing the possibility of lung resection, consult with a medical professional to determine the most appropriate course of action based on your specific condition and needs.


Pain is managed with medications, and patients should expect some discomfort, but it should be tolerable.

Recovery time varies but may range from a few weeks to several months, depending on the individual and the type of surgery.

While complications are possible, most patients do not experience long-term issues if the surgery is performed correctly.

Yes, it is possible to live with one lung, although it may affect physical activity.

No, other treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be used in combination with surgery.

Most major Indian hospitals offer lung resection, but the availability may vary in smaller healthcare facilities.

You should avoid driving until you are cleared by your surgeon, as it depends on your recovery progress.

Some patients may require oxygen therapy, but it depends on the extent of lung tissue removed and individual recovery.

There is a risk of recurrence, which is why regular follow-up appointments and cancer monitoring are essential.

Your healthcare team will provide guidance on dietary restrictions, but a balanced diet is crucial for recovery.

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