Treatment Duration

30 Minutes


60 Minutes

Treatment Cost

Rs 30,000


Rs 85,000

Hemorrhoidectomy: A Comprehensive Guide to Hemorrhoid Surgery

Hemorrhoids, though a common ailment, can cause discomfort and pain that can significantly affect one's quality of life. When conservative treatments fail to provide relief, a hemorrhoidectomy, a surgical procedure, becomes a viable option. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore what a hemorrhoidectomy is, who may need it, how it is performed, what to expect from this surgery, the cost in top Indian hospitals, risks of not getting it, and the numerous benefits of this treatment.

What is a Hemorrhoidectomy?

A hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove hemorrhoids, which are swollen blood vessels located in the rectum or around the anus. Hemorrhoids can be internal or external, and they can cause symptoms such as pain, bleeding, itching, and discomfort during bowel movements. When hemorrhoids become severe and non-responsive to less invasive treatments, a hemorrhoidectomy may be recommended.

Who Needs a Hemorrhoidectomy?

Not everyone with hemorrhoids requires a hemorrhoidectomy. This surgical intervention is typically considered when:

1.Severe Symptoms: Individuals experiencing severe pain, bleeding, or prolapsed hemorrhoids may require a hemorrhoidectomy to alleviate their symptoms.

2.Failed Conservative Treatments: When over-the-counter medications, dietary changes, and lifestyle modifications fail to provide relief, a surgical approach may be necessary.

3.Recurrent Hemorrhoids: Some individuals may experience recurrent hemorrhoids, and in such cases, a hemorrhoidectomy may be recommended as a more permanent solution.

4.Large Hemorrhoids: If the hemorrhoids are particularly large or cause significant discomfort, surgery may be the most effective way to address the issue.

5.Complications: Hemorrhoids can sometimes lead to complications such as blood clots or strangulation. In such cases, emergency surgery may be necessary.

It's essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if a hemorrhoidectomy is the right treatment option for your specific condition.

How is a Hemorrhoidectomy Performed?

A hemorrhoidectomy is typically performed in a hospital or surgical center and involves the following steps:

- Anesthesia: The patient is administered either general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation to ensure comfort during the procedure.

- Positioning: The patient is placed in a suitable position, such as lying on their stomach or side, to access the rectal area.

- Incisions: The surgeon makes incisions around the hemorrhoidal tissue, carefully removing the swollen blood vessels.

- Closure: Depending on the surgical technique used, the incisions may be closed with stitches or left open to heal naturally.

- Recovery: After the surgery, patients are monitored in a recovery area to ensure there are no immediate complications. Most patients can return home the same day.

What to Expect From a Hemorrhoidectomy

After a hemorrhoidectomy, patients can expect the following:

1.Pain and Discomfort: Pain and discomfort in the anal area are common immediately after the surgery. Pain medication and stool softeners are often prescribed to manage this discomfort.

2.Recovery Time: The recovery period can vary from a few days to several weeks, depending on the extent of the surgery and individual healing. Most patients can return to their regular activities within a few weeks.

3.Dietary Changes: A high-fiber diet and adequate hydration are essential to prevent constipation, which can worsen hemorrhoid symptoms.

4.Follow-up Appointments: Patients will have follow-up appointments with their surgeon to monitor the healing process and address any concerns.

5.Improved Quality of Life: After recovery, patients often experience relief from the pain, bleeding, and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Cost of Hemorrhoidectomy in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of a hemorrhoidectomy in India can vary widely depending on factors such as the hospital's location, the surgeon's experience, and the type of anesthesia used. On average, the cost can range from INR 25,000 to INR 60,000. Government hospitals may offer the procedure at a lower cost, while private hospitals may charge more. It's essential to consult with the hospital and surgeon to get an accurate estimate of the cost for your specific case.

Risks of Not Getting a Hemorrhoidectomy

Choosing not to undergo a hemorrhoidectomy when it is medically indicated can lead to several risks and complications, including:

1.Persistent Symptoms: Hemorrhoid symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and discomfort are likely to persist and may worsen over time.

2.Chronic Discomfort: Untreated hemorrhoids can cause chronic discomfort and negatively impact your quality of life.

3.Complications: Hemorrhoids can lead to complications such as blood clots, strangulation, or infection, which may require emergency surgery.

4.Progression of Hemorrhoids: Untreated hemorrhoids may increase in size and severity, making future treatment more challenging.

5.Anemia: Chronic bleeding from untreated hemorrhoids can lead to anemia, a condition characterized by a low red blood cell count and fatigue.

It's crucial to discuss the risks and benefits of a hemorrhoidectomy with your healthcare provider to make an informed decision about your treatment.

Benefits of Hemorrhoidectomy

A hemorrhoidectomy offers numerous benefits for individuals suffering from severe hemorrhoid symptoms, including:

Symptom Relief:

Hemorrhoidectomy provides effective relief from pain, bleeding, itching, and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Permanent Solution:

In most cases, a hemorrhoidectomy provides a long-term or permanent solution to the problem, reducing the likelihood of recurrence.

Improved Quality of Life:

Patients can experience a significant improvement in their overall quality of life after recovering from surgery.

Prevention of Complications:

Surgery can prevent complications such as blood clots, strangulation, and infection associated with untreated hemorrhoids.

Return to Normal Activities:

After the recovery period, patients can return to their regular activities without the limitations imposed by hemorrhoid symptoms.


In conclusion, a hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that offers effective relief for individuals suffering from severe hemorrhoid symptoms. While it is not necessary for everyone with hemorrhoids, it can provide a permanent solution for those who have exhausted conservative treatments. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most suitable treatment option for your specific condition. If surgery is recommended, choosing a skilled surgeon and following post-operative care instructions can lead to a successful recovery and improved quality of life.


Yes, hemorrhoidectomy is a common surgical procedure performed to treat severe hemorrhoids that do not respond to conservative treatments.

The duration of a hemorrhoidectomy can vary but typically ranges from 30 minutes to an hour.

Most patients can go home on the same day as the surgery. Hospitalization is generally not required.

A high-fiber diet and plenty of fluids are recommended to prevent constipation. Your surgeon will provide dietary guidelines.

Most patients can return to work and normal activities within a few weeks, but individual recovery times may vary.

Yes, there are non-surgical options, such as dietary changes, topical medications, and minimally invasive procedures, which may be considered before surgery.

Complications can include infection, bleeding, and difficulty with bowel movements. However, these are relatively rare when the surgery is performed by a skilled surgeon.

While a hemorrhoidectomy provides long-term relief, there is still a small chance of new hemorrhoids developing in the future.

Pain and discomfort are common in the days following surgery, but pain medication is prescribed to manage it.

Patients are typically advised to avoid heavy lifting and strenuous activities during the recovery period.

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