Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Precautions, and Top Hospital Treatments in India

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a common medical condition that affects millions of people around the world. These are swollen and inflamed veins located in the rectum and anus. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding, making them a source of distress for many individuals. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, precautions, and treatments available in India's top hospitals for hemorrhoids.

Introduction to Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, often referred to as piles, are a prevalent and uncomfortable medical condition that affects a significant portion of the population. These swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the rectum and anus can cause a range of distressing symptoms, making them a topic of concern for many individuals. In this introductory section, we will explore what hemorrhoids are, their types, and the common factors that contribute to their development.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can be attributed to various factors, including:

Straining during Bowel Movements:

This is one of the primary causes. When you strain excessively during bowel movements, the pressure on the rectal and anal veins increases, leading to the development of hemorrhoids.

Chronic Constipation or Diarrhea:

Consistent bouts of constipation or diarrhea can put extra stress on the rectal veins, leading to the formation of hemorrhoids.


Increased pressure on the pelvic veins during pregnancy can result in hemorrhoids.


Excess body weight can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids due to increased abdominal pressure.

Sitting for Prolonged Periods:

A sedentary lifestyle, especially sitting for extended periods, can increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can manifest in various ways, with common symptoms including:

1.Rectal Bleeding: Bright red blood in the stool or on toilet paper after bowel movements is a common sign of hemorrhoids.

2.Anal Itching: Persistent itching around the anus can be an uncomfortable symptom of hemorrhoids.

3.Pain and Discomfort: Hemorrhoids can cause pain, especially during bowel movements or when sitting for extended periods.

4.Swelling and Inflammation: Swollen and tender lumps near the anus are typical of hemorrhoids.

5.Mucus Discharge: Some individuals may experience mucus discharge from the anus.

Diagnosis for Hemorrhoids

Diagnosing hemorrhoids usually involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and, in some cases, additional tests. The healthcare provider may perform a digital rectal examination (DRE) to check for hemorrhoids. In some cases, a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy may be recommended to rule out other conditions or to assess the severity of the hemorrhoids.

Precautions for Hemorrhoids

To prevent or alleviate hemorrhoid symptoms, consider the following precautions:

  • Dietary Changes: Increase your fiber intake by consuming more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. This can help soften the stool and reduce the strain during bowel movements.
  • Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water can help maintain soft stools and prevent constipation.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in physical activity can improve bowel function and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.
  • Avoid Straining: Refrain from straining during bowel movements. Use a footstool to elevate your feet, making it easier to pass stool.
  • Take Breaks: If your job involves prolonged sitting, take breaks to stand and move around.

Treatments Available in India's Top Hospitals

India is home to some of the world's leading medical institutions that offer advanced treatments for hemorrhoids. Treatment options include:

Lifestyle Modifications::

Doctors often recommend dietary changes, increased physical activity, and maintaining proper hygiene to manage mild cases of hemorrhoids.


Over-the-counter creams and ointments, as well as prescription medications, can help alleviate symptoms such as itching and pain.

Minimally Invasive Procedures:

In cases where conservative treatments are not effective, minimally invasive procedures like rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or infrared coagulation may be recommended.

Surgical Removal:

Surgical options like hemorrhoidectomy may be necessary for severe or recurrent hemorrhoids.

Laser Treatment:

Some hospitals offer advanced laser treatments that are less invasive and promote faster healing.

Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy:

This procedure, also known as PPH (Procedure for Prolapse and Hemorrhoids), is another option for treating hemorrhoids.


In conclusion, hemorrhoids are a common condition that can cause discomfort and inconvenience, but they are treatable. India offers a range of medical options for managing hemorrhoids, from lifestyle changes to advanced medical procedures, ensuring that patients receive the best care for their needs. If you suspect you have hemorrhoids or are experiencing symptoms, seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

In some cases, mild hemorrhoids may resolve on their own with lifestyle changes. However, more severe cases often require medical intervention.

Hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer can share some symptoms, so it's important to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Maintaining a high-fiber diet, staying hydrated, and avoiding prolonged sitting can help reduce the risk of hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

No, surgery is not always necessary. Many cases can be managed with lifestyle changes and medications. Surgery is usually reserved for severe or recurring hemorrhoids.

Over-the-counter creams, warm baths, and sitting on a cushion can provide relief from hemorrhoid pain and discomfort.

Spicy foods can sometimes irritate the digestive tract, potentially worsening hemorrhoid symptoms. It's best to consume them in moderation.

Yes, untreated or severe hemorrhoids can lead to complications such as thrombosis (blood clots) or strangulation (loss of blood supply to the hemorrhoid).

The recovery time after hemorrhoid surgery varies depending on the type of procedure performed, but most patients can return to normal activities within a few weeks.

A high-fiber diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help prevent hemorrhoids by promoting regular bowel movements.

Gentle, low-impact exercises are generally safe and can even help relieve symptoms. However, consult your doctor for specific recommendations.

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