Treatment Duration

1 hours


2 hours

Treatment Cost

Rs 1,50,000


Rs 2,50,000

Understanding Lumpectomy: A Comprehensive Guide to Breast Cancer Surgery

Lumpectomy, also known as breast-conserving surgery or partial mastectomy, is a surgical procedure primarily performed to remove cancerous or suspicious tissue from the breast while preserving as much healthy breast tissue as possible. It is a crucial treatment option for individuals diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer and some benign breast conditions. In this article, we will delve into the details of lumpectomy, including its purpose, eligibility criteria, surgical procedure, post-operative expectations, cost considerations in top Indian hospitals, potential risks of not getting the procedure, and the numerous benefits it offers.

What is Lumpectomy?

Lumpectomy is a surgical procedure designed to remove a portion of the breast tissue, including the tumor or abnormal growth, while conserving the rest of the healthy breast. The goal is to eliminate cancerous or potentially cancerous tissue while preserving the breast's appearance and function. This approach is in contrast to a mastectomy, where the entire breast is removed.

Who Needs Lumpectomy?

1.Early-Stage Breast Cancer:

Lumpectomy is often recommended for individuals diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer, specifically those with small tumors that have not spread to other parts of the body.

2.Precancerous Lesions:

In cases of certain precancerous breast conditions, such as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), lumpectomy may be performed to prevent the progression to invasive cancer.

3.Benign Breast Tumors:

Non-cancerous breast lumps or tumors that cause pain, discomfort, or cosmetic concerns may also be treated with lumpectomy.

4.Breast Conservation Preference:

Some patients opt for lumpectomy as a preference to retain as much of their breast as possible while effectively treating breast conditions.

5.Patients with Medical Contraindications for Mastectomy:

In cases where a full mastectomy is not advisable due to underlying health conditions, lumpectomy may be a suitable alternative.

How is Lumpectomy Performed?

Lumpectomy is typically performed under general anesthesia and involves the following steps:

1.Incision: A small incision is made in the breast over the location of the tumor or abnormal tissue.

2.Tissue Removal: The surgeon carefully removes the tumor or suspicious tissue along with a surrounding margin of healthy tissue. This margin is essential to ensure complete removal of cancerous cells.

3.Lymph Node Examination: In some cases, nearby lymph nodes may be examined to determine if the cancer has spread beyond the breast.

4.Closure: After removal, the incision is closed with sutures or surgical staples, leaving a scar that typically fades over time.

What to Expect from Lumpectomy Surgery

Patients undergoing lumpectomy can expect the following:

- Recovery Time: Recovery varies but generally involves a few weeks of rest and limited physical activity.

- Pain and Discomfort: Mild pain and discomfort are common after surgery but can be managed with pain medications.

- Breast Appearance: While lumpectomy aims to preserve breast appearance, there may be changes in breast shape and size, which can be addressed with reconstructive surgery if desired.

- Follow-Up Treatment: Depending on the stage and type of cancer, additional treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be recommended to reduce the risk of recurrence.

- Regular Monitoring: Patients will require regular follow-up appointments and mammograms to monitor their breast health.

Cost of Lumpectomy in Top Indian Hospitals

The cost of lumpectomy in India can vary depending on the hospital, location, and individual patient factors. On average, the cost of lumpectomy in a top Indian hospital ranges from INR 50,000 to INR 1,50,000 ($670 to $2,000). It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider and the hospital's billing department to get an accurate estimate tailored to your specific case.

Risks of Not Getting Lumpectomy

Choosing not to undergo lumpectomy when recommended may entail several risks:

1.Cancer Progression: If cancerous tissue is left untreated, it can grow and spread to other parts of the body, making it more challenging to treat.

2.Necessity of More Aggressive Treatment: Delaying treatment may result in the need for more aggressive interventions, such as a full mastectomy.

3.Reduced Survival Rates: Delayed or inadequate treatment can lead to lower survival rates for breast cancer patients.

4.Emotional and Psychological Impact: Avoiding lumpectomy can lead to increased anxiety and distress about the disease's progression.

Benefits of Lumpectomy

Lumpectomy offers several benefits to patients:

- Preservation of Breast: It allows patients to retain a significant portion of their breast tissue, maintaining a more natural appearance.

- Minimal Scarring: The surgical incision is relatively small, resulting in less noticeable scarring compared to a mastectomy.

- Effective Treatment: Lumpectomy is highly effective in treating early-stage breast cancer and certain benign breast conditions.

- Faster Recovery: Recovery time is generally shorter than that of a mastectomy, allowing patients to return to their daily routines sooner.

- Psychological Well-being: Maintaining breast appearance can boost a patient's self-esteem and overall quality of life.


Lumpectomy is a valuable treatment option for individuals diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer and certain benign breast conditions. It offers the advantages of breast preservation, minimal scarring, and a quicker recovery compared to mastectomy. While the decision to undergo lumpectomy should be made in consultation with a healthcare provider, it has proven to be an effective and widely accepted approach to breast cancer treatment. Remember to consider the specific details of your diagnosis and consult with medical professionals to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your individual case.


Lumpectomy is generally suitable for early-stage breast cancer patients with small tumors. However, not all individuals may be eligible based on their specific diagnosis.

In most cases, radiation therapy is recommended following lumpectomy to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.

The recovery period varies from person to person but typically ranges from a few weeks to a few months.

Sensation changes in the breast are possible but not universal. Discuss potential changes with your surgeon.

Breastfeeding may still be possible after lumpectomy, but it depends on the extent of tissue removal and individual circumstances.

Lumpectomy is performed under anesthesia, so patients do not experience pain during the procedure. Some discomfort may be expected during recovery.

Survival rates depend on various factors, including the stage of cancer and individual health. Both lumpectomy and mastectomy can yield similar survival outcomes when followed by appropriate treatments.

Breast reconstruction is an option after lumpectomy, primarily to address changes in breast appearance.

Many health insurance policies in India cover lumpectomy and associated treatments, but coverage can vary. It's essential to check with your insurance provider for details.

Complications can include infection, bleeding, changes in breast appearance, and, rarely, damage to nearby structures. Discuss potential risks with your surgeon.

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