Treatment Duration

30 Minutes


2 hour

Treatment Cost

Rs 1,50,000


Rs 4,00,000

Angioplasty: A Lifesaving Procedure

Angioplasty, also known as percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or balloon angioplasty, is a medical procedure used to treat narrowed or blocked blood vessels. This minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized the treatment of coronary artery disease and other vascular conditions, offering patients a chance at a healthier, more active life. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of angioplasty, covering its definition, indications, procedure, outcomes, costs, risks, benefits, and frequently asked questions.

What Is Angioplasty?

Angioplasty is a medical intervention designed to open narrowed or obstructed blood vessels. The term "angioplasty" is derived from two words: "angio," meaning blood vessel, and "plasty," meaning to shape or mold. This procedure primarily focuses on improving blood flow through arteries and veins, ensuring that vital organs receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients.

Who Needs Angioplasty?

1. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Patients: Individuals diagnosed with coronary artery disease often require angioplasty. CAD occurs when the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle, become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of plaque. Angioplasty helps restore blood flow, reducing the risk of heart attacks and chest pain (angina).

2. Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Sufferers: People with peripheral artery disease have narrowed arteries in their legs, arms, or pelvis. Angioplasty can alleviate pain, improve mobility, and prevent complications like gangrene.

3. Renal Artery Stenosis Patients: Patients with renal artery stenosis experience narrowing of the arteries leading to the kidneys. Angioplasty can enhance kidney function and control blood pressure.

4. Carotid Artery Disease Individuals: When carotid arteries (arteries in the neck) become narrowed or blocked, there's an increased risk of stroke. Angioplasty can open these arteries, reducing the stroke risk.

5. People with Chronic Total Occlusions: In some cases, arteries may become completely blocked. Angioplasty can be used to reestablish blood flow, particularly in cases where surgery might be riskier.

How Is Angioplasty Performed?

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure, typically performed in a specialized catheterization laboratory (cath lab) or an interventional radiology suite. Here's how it's done:

1. Preparation: You'll be asked to change into a hospital gown, and an intravenous (IV) line will be inserted. You'll be given medication to relax.

2. Local Anesthesia: The doctor will numb the area (usually the groin or wrist) where the catheter will be inserted.

3. Insertion of Catheter: A thin, flexible tube (catheter) is inserted through the artery or vein and guided to the blocked area using fluoroscopy (real-time X-ray).

4. Balloon Inflation: Once the catheter is in position, a small balloon at its tip is inflated at the site of the blockage. This pushes the plaque or clot against the vessel walls, widening the artery and restoring blood flow.

5. Stent Placement (if needed): In many cases, a stent—a tiny, expandable metal mesh tube—is inserted to help keep the artery open after the balloon is deflated. The stent remains in place permanently.

6. Monitoring: Throughout the procedure, the medical team will monitor your vital signs and the progress of the angioplasty.

7. Closure: Once the angioplasty is completed, the catheter is removed, and pressure is applied to the insertion site to stop bleeding. A bandage or closure device may be used.

The entire procedure typically takes 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on the complexity of the case.

What to Expect from this Surgery?

1. Rapid Recovery: Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure, so recovery is generally faster compared to open surgery. Most patients can return home the same day or after a short hospital stay.

2. Improved Symptoms: You may experience immediate relief from symptoms like chest pain, leg pain, or shortness of breath, depending on the condition being treated.

3. Lifestyle Changes: After angioplasty, lifestyle changes are often recommended to maintain good vascular health. This may include dietary modifications, exercise, and medications.

4. Follow-up Appointments: Regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider are crucial to monitor your progress and adjust treatment as necessary.

5. Reduced Risk: Angioplasty reduces the risk of complications associated with blocked arteries, such as heart attacks, strokes, and limb amputation.

What Is the Cost of Angioplasty in Top Indian Hospitals?

The cost of angioplasty can vary widely based on the hospital, location, and specific procedure performed. In India, known for its world-class healthcare facilities, the cost of angioplasty is relatively affordable compared to many Western countries. On average, angioplasty in top Indian hospitals can range from INR 1,50,000 to INR 5,00,000 (approximately $2,000 to $7,000), including the cost of stent placement.

It's important to note that this cost can fluctuate based on factors such as the type of stent used (drug-eluting vs. bare-metal stent), the complexity of the procedure, and the hospital's reputation.

Risks of Not Getting Angioplasty

Choosing to forego angioplasty when medically indicated can have serious consequences, depending on the underlying condition:

1. Increased Risk of Heart Attack: For coronary artery disease patients, untreated blockages can lead to heart attacks, which can be life-threatening.

2. Stroke Risk: In cases of carotid artery disease, neglecting treatment increases the risk of strokes, which can result in significant disability or death.

3. Limb Amputation: Peripheral artery disease can progress to a point where amputation of a limb is necessary if blood flow isn't restored.

4. Kidney Damage: Renal artery stenosis can lead to kidney damage and uncontrolled hypertension if left untreated.

5. Reduced Quality of Life: Untreated vascular diseases often result in debilitating symptoms, reduced mobility, and a lower quality of life.

Benefits of Angioplasty

1. Minimally Invasive: Angioplasty is a less invasive alternative to open surgery, leading to shorter recovery times and reduced discomfort.

2. Symptom Relief: Angioplasty provides rapid relief from symptoms such as chest pain, leg pain, and shortness of breath.

3. Prevention: It helps prevent heart attacks, strokes, and limb amputations by restoring blood flow to affected areas.

4. Improved Quality of Life: Patients often experience a significant improvement in their quality of life after angioplasty.

5. Customized Treatment: Angioplasty can be tailored to each patient's specific needs, with the option to use different types of stents and techniques.


In conclusion, angioplasty is a highly effective and often life-saving procedure that can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with various vascular conditions. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if angioplasty is the right treatment for your specific situation. Remember that the information provided here is for educational purposes, and individual experiences may vary.


Angioplasty is generally considered safe, but like any medical procedure, it carries some risks. Your healthcare provider will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.

Recovery time varies from person to person, but many patients can return to their normal activities within a week or two.

You will be given local anesthesia, so you should not feel pain during the procedure. You may feel some pressure or discomfort.

Yes, angioplasty can be repeated if necessary. Some patients may require additional procedures over time to maintain blood flow.

Your healthcare provider will provide dietary guidelines, which may include reducing saturated fats, salt, and cholesterol in your diet.

Stents are typically permanent. However, drug-eluting stents may have a specific duration of effectiveness, after which they remain in place as a scaffold.

Yes, exercise is typically encouraged after angioplasty. Your healthcare provider will guide you on the appropriate level of physical activity.

Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, and taking prescribed medications, can help prevent recurrence.

You should avoid driving for a few days after angioplasty, especially if you are taking medications that affect your alertness or reaction times. Your doctor will provide guidance.

Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, and taking prescribed medications, can help prevent recurrence.

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